Space Environment and its Effects on Space Systems 2nd edition [Kietas viršelis]

  • Formatas: Hardback, 901 pages
  • Serija: AIAA Education Series
  • Išleidimo metai: 15-Sep-2016
  • Leidėjas: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
  • ISBN-10: 1624103537
  • ISBN-13: 9781624103537
Kitos knygos pagal šią temą:
  • Formatas: Hardback, 901 pages
  • Serija: AIAA Education Series
  • Išleidimo metai: 15-Sep-2016
  • Leidėjas: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
  • ISBN-10: 1624103537
  • ISBN-13: 9781624103537
Kitos knygos pagal šią temą:
The Space Environment and Its Effects on Space Systems, Second Edition is significantly revised and expanded, featuring four new chapters on Risk Management, Formation and Evolution of the Universe, Time and Reference Systems, and the Space Radiation Environment. This book is intended to serve two audiences: firstly, those who wish to obtain an understanding of the physics of the space environment; and secondly, those who wish to understand the engineering aspects of the effects of the Space environment on space systems. The level of the material is appropriate for an undergraduate or beginning graduate engineering audience and for those experts, in fields other than the space environment, who wish to obtain a basic knowledge of the space environment and its effects on the design and performance of space systems. While the primary emphasis of the book is the interaction of spacecraft with the Earth's environment, the topics also address the extra-terrestrial environment. The Space Environment and Its Effects on Space Systems, Second Edition has been developed so that the topics, and the depth with which they are presented, are appropriate for a good understanding by someone with the equivalent of an undergraduate degree in the sciences and engineering and knowledge of differential and integral calculus. To assist the reader, sufficient numerical examples are provided and the problem sets for each chapter include answers. Copious references are provided that help direct the reader to additional information. A solutions manual is also available to instructors. The material included is sufficient for either a one semester offering on selected topics or a fuller immersion in a two semester offering. Topics can be selected to emphasize the space environment for a physics-centric class, or the interactions with space systems for an engineering-centric class.
Preface xv
Chapter 1 Introduction 1(20)
1.1 Overview
1(1)
1.2 Effects of the Space Environment
1(4)
1.3 Spacecraft Anomaly Databases
5(2)
1.4 Launch System Reliability
7(3)
1.5 Spacecraft Reliability and Failures
10(9)
References
19(1)
Bibliography
19(1)
Problems
20(1)
Chapter 2 Risk Management 21(54)
2.1 Introduction
21(1)
2.2 Systems Engineering Overview
22(12)
2.3 Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety (RAMS)
34(1)
2.4 Risk Management Processes
34(6)
2.5 Hazard Analyses
40(14)
2.6 Reliability Analyses
54(8)
2.7 Techniques for Enhanced Reliability
62(4)
2.8 Reliability and Quality Assurance
66(1)
References
67(1)
Bibliography
68(1)
Problems
69(6)
Chapter 3 Formation and Evolution of the Universe 75(48)
3.1 Formation of the Universe
75(6)
3.2 Evidence for the Big Bang
81(8)
3.3 Dark Matter
89(3)
3.4 Dark Energy
92(1)
3.5 Structure of the Universe
93(2)
3.6 Star Formation and Evolution
95(8)
3.7 Detecting Black Holes
103(4)
3.8 Extrasolar Planets
107(10)
References
117(1)
Bibliography
118(1)
Problems
119(4)
Chapter 4 The Solar System 123(66)
4.1 Introduction
123(1)
4.2 Formation of the Solar System
123(5)
4.3 Solar System Celestial Bodies
128(2)
4.4 Planets
130(31)
4.5 Dwarf Planets and Plutoids
161(4)
4.6 Small Solar System Bodies
165(12)
4.7 Celestial Mechanics
177(7)
References
184(1)
Bibliography
185(1)
Problems
185(4)
Chapter 5 The Sun 189(60)
5.1 Introduction
189(1)
5.2 Structure of the Sun
189(5)
5.3 Solar Rotation Rates
194(2)
5.4 Solar Activity
196(15)
5.5 Heliosphere
211(3)
5.6 Solar Energy
214(13)
5.7 Surface Interactions with Light
227(13)
5.8 Solar Simulators
240(2)
References
242(1)
Problems
243(6)
Chapter 6 Time and
Reference Systems
249(1)
6.1 Introduction
249(1)
6.2 Celestial Motion
250(4)
6.3 Calendars
254(7)
6.4 Time Systems
261(16)
6.5 International and Geocentric Celestial Reference Systems
277(2)
6.6 International Terrestrial Reference System
279(1)
6.7 Transformation Between Reference Systems
280(5)
References
285(1)
Bibliography
286(1)
Problems
287(2)
Chapter 7 Gravitational Fields 289(42)
7.1 Introduction
289(1)
7.2 Newton's Law of Gravitation
289(4)
7.3 Higher-Order Gravitational Potential
293(4)
7.4 Gravitational Models
297(11)
7.5 Tides
308(10)
7.6 Precession of Satellite Orbits
318(4)
7.7 Gravity-Gradient Effects
322(3)
References
325(1)
Bibliography
326(1)
Problems
327(4)
Chapter 8 Magnetic and Electric Fields 331(46)
8.1 Introduction
331(1)
8.2 Magnetic Field Properties
331(6)
8.3 Dynamo Model
337(2)
8.4 Dipole Magnetic Field
339(4)
8.5 Solar and Interplanetary Magnetic Field
343(5)
8.6 Solar System Magnetic Fields
348(2)
8.7 Magnetic Field Modeling
350(4)
8.8 Magnetic Field Models
354(4)
8.9 Magnetic Field Disruptions and Reversals
358(1)
8.10 Magnetic Activity
359(2)
8.11 Magnetic Rigidity
361(5)
8.12 Magnetic Field Interactions with Spacecraft Systems
366(1)
8.13 Magnetometers
367(1)
8.14 Earth's Electric Field
368(3)
References
371(1)
Bibliography
372(1)
Problems
372(5)
Chapter 9 Magnetosphere 377(18)
9.1 Introduction
377(1)
9.2 Ionopause Properties
377(3)
9.3 Magnetosphere Properties
380(7)
9.4 Solar System Magnetospheres
387(4)
References
391(1)
Bibliography
391(1)
Problems
391(4)
Chapter 10 Space Radiation Environment 395(52)
10.1 Introduction
395(1)
10.2 Motion of Charged Particles
396(12)
10.3 Charged Particle Motion in a Dipole Field
408(8)
10.4 Trapped Radiation
416(9)
10.5 Cosmic Rays
425(6)
10.6 Solar Particle Events
431(7)
10.7 Radiation from Onboard Nuclear Devices
438(2)
References
440(2)
Bibliography
442(1)
Problems
443(4)
Chapter 11 Radiation Interactions 447(78)
11.1 Introduction
447(1)
11.2 Photon Interactions
448(10)
11.3 Neutron Interactions
458(4)
11.4 Charged Particle Interactions
462(12)
11.5 Radiation Effects on Materials
474(26)
11.6 Radiobiology
500(17)
References
517(1)
Bibliography
518(2)
Problems
520(5)
Chapter 12 Neutral Environment 525(72)
12.1 Introduction
525(1)
12.2 Gas Laws
525(4)
12.3 Kinetic Theory of Gases
529(4)
12.4 Effusion and Diffusion
533(3)
12.5 Paschen's Law
536(3)
12.6 Earth's Atmosphere
539(5)
12.7 Pressure Variation with Altitude
544(4)
12.8 Planetary Atmospheres
548(3)
12.9 Propagation
551(8)
12.10 Atomic Oxygen
559(4)
12.11 Aerodynamic Forces
563(6)
12.12 Earth Atmospheric Models
569(8)
12.13 Planetary Atmospheric Models
577(2)
12.14 Effects of Oxygen on Humans
579(3)
12.15 Background to Kinetic Theory of Gases
582(5)
12.16 Definitions
587(2)
References
589(2)
Bibliography
591(1)
Problems
591(6)
Chapter 13 Plasma Interactions 597(54)
13.1 Introduction
597(1)
13.2 Plasma Characteristics
597(6)
13.3 Planetary Ionospheres
603(2)
13.4 Earth's Ionosphere
605(9)
13.5 Propagation in a Plasma
614(13)
13.6 Sputtering
627(2)
13.7 Spacecraft Charging
629(12)
13.8 Solar-Array Potentials
641(3)
References
644(2)
Bibliography
646(1)
Problems
646(5)
Chapter 14 Spacecraft Contamination 651(52)
14.1 Introduction
651(3)
14.2 Material Outgassing
654(2)
14.3 Product Cleanliness
656(9)
14.4 Cleanroom Cleanliness
665(5)
14.5 Contamination Control Program
670(4)
14.6 Contamination Analysis
674(12)
14.7 Contamination Assessments
686(7)
14.8 Planetary Protection
693(4)
References
697(2)
Bibliography
699(1)
Problems
699(4)
Chapter 15 Meteoroids and Space Debris 703(68)
15.1 Introduction
703(1)
15.2 Space Observations
704(9)
15.3 Meteoroid Models
713(18)
15.4 Debris Models
731(10)
15.5 Debris Clouds
741(1)
15.6 Gabbard Diagram
741(3)
15.7 Debris Mitigation
744(6)
15.8 Collision Probabilities
750(2)
15.9 Impact Protection
752(1)
15.10 Single-Wall Damage Equations
753(6)
15.11 Whipple Shields and Bumpers
759(2)
15.12 Whipple Shield Analyses
761(2)
References
763(3)
Bibliography
766(1)
Problems
767(4)
Chapter 16 Thermal Control 771(82)
16.1 Introduction
771(2)
16.2 Spacecraft Thermal Environments
773(2)
16.3 Heat Convection
775(1)
16.4 Heat Conduction
776(4)
16.5 Heat Radiation
780(21)
16.6 Solution Methods
801(7)
16.7 Spacecraft Thermal Control Components
808(21)
16.8 Spacecraft Thermal Design
829(2)
16.9 Thermal Tests
831(5)
16.10 Thermal Analysis of Earth Satellites
836(5)
16.11 Examples of Thermal Analyses
841(2)
16.12 Steady-State Thermal Analyses
843(1)
References
844(1)
Bibliography
845(1)
Problems
845(8)
Appendix A Units, Conversion Factors, and Constants 853(6)
Appendix B Astrophysical Parameters 859(12)
Index 871(38)
Supporting Materials 909