This richly illustrated and comprehensive book covers a broad range of normal and pathologic conditions of the vertebral column, from its embryology to its development, its pathology, its dynamism and its degeneration. The dynamic anatomy of the living subject is viewed using the latest technologies, opening new perspectives to elucidate the pathology of the spine and improve spinal surgery. The respective chapters review in depth all sections of the vertebral column and offer new insights, e.g. the 3D study of vertebral movements using the "EOS system," which makes it possible to define an equilibrium of posture and its limits. New histological and chemical findings on the intervertebral disc, as well as detailed descriptions of the aponeuroses and fasciae, are also provided.Bringing together the experience of several experts from the well-known French school, this book offers a valuable companion for skilled experts and postgraduate students in various fields: orthopedic surge
ry, neurosurgery, physiotherapy, rheumatology, musculoskeletal therapy, rehabilitation, and kinesiology.
Section I - Phylogenesis and ontogenesis1. Comparative anatomy of the axial skeleton of vertebrates2. Embryology of the spine3. The growing spine4. Growth cartilages of the spine and pelvic vertebra5. Morphological and functional evolution of the aging spine Section II - Postural Anatomy6. Standing up. Its principles. Pelvic spinal relationships7. The hip extension reserve and its relation to the spine8. The EOS system: interest in the overall assessment of the balance of the spine but also its movements and balance Section III - Descriptive Anatomy9. The cranial vertebra10. Surgical anatomy of the vertebral pedicle11. Anatomy of the sacrum: new concepts12. The pelvic vertebra, the cephalic vertebra, and the concept of the chain Of balance13. Are the "cranial and pelvic vertebrae" true vertebrae?14. The intervertebral disk15. Anatomy of thoracolumbar posterior joints16. The spinal ligaments17. Sacro-iliac joints18. The normal and pathological
spinal muscle19. Configuration of posterior lumbar muscles. Application for Study Of lumbosacral malformations20. Muscles and fascia21. Functional anatomy of the erector of the spine: a review22. The conjunctive structures of the posterior surface of the trunk23. The spinal canals24. The spinal cord25. Spinal nerves (spinal innervation)26. Anatomy of spinal meninges27. Intrinsic innervation of the vertebral column28. Vascularization of the spine and cord Functional anatomySection IV - Functional anatomy29. Systemic approach to the functioning of the Thoracolumbar spine 30. Kinematics of the spine31. Spinal balance32. Biomechanics and modeling of the spine33. Anatomy is a living language