Viking Way: Magic and Mind in Late Iron Age Scandinavia 2nd Revised edition [Kietas viršelis]

  • Formatas: Hardback, 432 pages, aukštis x plotis: 280x216 mm, illustrations
  • Išleidimo metai: 01-Jun-2012
  • Leidėjas: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN-10: 1842172603
  • ISBN-13: 9781842172605
Kitos knygos pagal šią temą:
  • Formatas: Hardback, 432 pages, aukštis x plotis: 280x216 mm, illustrations
  • Išleidimo metai: 01-Jun-2012
  • Leidėjas: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN-10: 1842172603
  • ISBN-13: 9781842172605
Kitos knygos pagal šią temą:
Magic, sorcery and witchcraft are among the most common themes of the great medieval Icelandic sagas and poems, the problematic yet vital sources that provide our primary textual evidence for the Viking Age that they claim to describe.

Magic, sorcery and witchcraft are among the most common themes of the great medieval Icelandic sagas and poems, the problematic yet vital sources that provide our primary textual evidence for the Viking Age that they claim to describe. Yet despite the consistency of this picture, surprisingly little archaeological or historical research has been done to explore what this may really have meant to the men and women of the time. This book examines the evidence for Old Norse sorcery, looking at its meaning and function, practice and practitioners, and the complicated constructions of gender and sexual identity with which these were underpinned. Combining strong elements of eroticism and aggression, sorcery appears as a fundamental domain of women's power, linking them with the gods, the dead and the future. Their battle spells and combat rituals complement the men's physical acts of fighting, in a supernatural empowerment of the Viking way of life. What emerges is a fundamentally new image of the world in which the Vikings understood themselves to move, in which magic and its implications permeated every aspect of a society permanently geared for war. In this fully-revised and expanded second edition, Neil Price takes us with him on a tour through the sights and sounds of this undiscovered country, meeting its human and otherworldly inhabitants, including the Sami with whom the Norse partly shared this mental landscape. On the way we explore Viking notions of the mind and soul, the fluidity of the boundaries that they drew between humans and animals, and the immense variety of their spiritual beliefs. We find magic in the Vikings' bedrooms and on their battlefields, and we meet the sorcerers themselves through their remarkable burials and the tools of their trade. Combining archaeology, history and literary scholarship with extensive studies of Germanic and circumpolar religion, this multi-award-winning book shows us the Vikings as we have never seen them before.

Recenzijos

"The Viking Way by Neil Price is one of the most insightful, original, and compelling books ever published on the Vikings. It's essential for understanding the intellectual, spiritual, and moral universe within which the Vikings lived."--Daniel McCoy "Norse Mythology (online) "

List of figures and tables
xi
Abbreviations xvii
Preface to the first edition 2002 xix
Preface to the second edition xxvii
Acknowledgements to the second edition xxix
A note on language xxxi
A note on seid and its analogues xxxiii
1 Different Vikings? Towards a cognitive archaeology of the later Iron Age
1(21)
A beginning at Birka
1(3)
Textual archaeology and the Iron Age
4(8)
The Vikings in (pre)history
5(3)
The materiality of text
8(2)
Annaliste archaeology and a historical anthropology of the Vikings
10(2)
The Other and the Odd?
12(8)
Conflict in the archaeology of cognition
13(2)
Others without Othering
15(2)
Indigenous archaeologies and the Vikings
17(3)
An archaeology of the Viking mind?
20(2)
2 Problems and paradigms in the study of Old Norse sorcery
22(33)
Entering the mythology
22(3)
Research perspectives on Scandinavian pre-Christian religion
25(1)
Philology and comparative theology
25(1)
Gods and monsters, worship and superstition
26(5)
Religion and belief
26(1)
The invisible population
27(4)
The shape of Old Norse religion
31(3)
The double world: seior and the problem of Old Norse `magic'
34(2)
The other magics: galdr, gandr and `Ooinnic sorcery'
35(1)
Seior in the sources
36(7)
Skaldic poetry
37(1)
Eddie poetry
38(1)
The sagas of the kings
38(1)
The sagas of Icelanders (the `family sagas')
39(3)
The fornaldarsogur (`sagas of ancient times', `legendary sagas')
42(1)
The biskupasogur (`Bishops' sagas')
42(1)
The early medieval Scandinavian law codes
42(1)
Non-Scandinavian sources
43(1)
Seior in research
43(12)
3 Seior
55(136)
Ooinn
55(13)
Ooinn the sorcerer
56(6)
Ooinn's names
62(6)
Freyja and the magic of the Vanir
68(1)
Seior and Old Norse cosmology
69(2)
The performers
71(48)
Witches, seeresses and wise women
72(5)
Women and the witch-ride
77(3)
Men and magic
80(2)
The assistants
82(1)
Towards a terminology of Nordic sorcerers
83(1)
The performers in death?
84(35)
The performance
119(53)
Ritual architecture and space
120(6)
The clothing of sorcery
126(1)
Masks, veils and head-coverings
127(2)
Drums, tub-lids and shields
129(3)
Staffs and wands
132(4)
Staffs from archaeological contexts
136(32)
Narcotics and intoxicants
168(1)
Charms
169(1)
Songs and chants
170(1)
The problem of trance and ecstasy
171(1)
Engendering seior
172(11)
Ergi, nio and witchcraft
173(4)
Sexual performance and eroticism in seior
177(6)
Seior and the concept of the soul
183(3)
Helping spirits in seior
184(2)
The domestic sphere of seior
186(3)
Divination and revealing the hidden
186(2)
Hunting and weather magic
188(1)
The role of the healer
189(1)
Seior contextualised
189(2)
4 Noaidevuohta
191(39)
Seior and the Sami
191(2)
Sami-Norse relations in the Viking Age
193(3)
Sami religion and the Drum-Time
196(9)
The world of the gods
198(2)
Spirits and Rulers in the Sami cognitive landscape
200(3)
Names, souls and sacrifice
203(1)
Noaidevuohta and the noaidi
204(1)
Rydving's terminology of noaidevuohta
205(5)
Specialist noaidi
207(1)
Diviners, sorcerers and other magic-workers
208(1)
The sights and sounds of trance
209(1)
`Invisible power' and secret sorcery
210(1)
Women and noaidevuohta
210(7)
Sources for female sorcery
210(2)
Assistants and jojker-choirs
212(1)
Women, ritual and drum magic
213(1)
Female diviners and healers in Sami society
214(1)
Animals and the natural world
215(1)
The female noaidi?
216(1)
The rituals of noaidevuohta
217(9)
The role of jojk
218(1)
The material culture of noaidevuohta
218(4)
An early medieval noaidi? The man from Vivallen
222(2)
Sexuality and eroticism in noaidevuohta
224(1)
Offence and defence in noaidevuohta
225(1)
The functions of noaidevuohta
226(1)
The ethnicity of religious context in Viking-Age Scandinavia
226(4)
5 Circumpolar religion and the question of Old Norse shamanism
230(42)
The circumpolar cultures and the invention of shamanism
230(9)
The shamanic encounter
231(2)
The early ethnographies: shamanic research in Russia and beyond
233(3)
Shamanism in anthropological perspective
236(3)
The shamanic world-view
239(19)
The World Pillar: shamanism and circumpolar cosmology
239(2)
The ensouled world
241(3)
The shamanic vocation
244(5)
Gender and sexual identity
249(2)
Eroticism and sexual performance
251(2)
Aggressive sorcery for offence and defence
253(5)
Shamanism in Scandinavia
258(10)
From the art of the hunters to the age of bronze
258(2)
Seior before the Vikings?
260(2)
Landscapes of the mind
262(2)
The eight-legged horse
264(3)
Tricksters and trickery
267(1)
Seior and circumpolar shamanism
268(4)
Two analogies on the functions of the seior-staff
269(1)
The shamanic motivation
270(1)
Towards a shamanic world-view of the Viking Age
271(1)
6 The supernatural empowerment of aggression
272(52)
Seior and the world of war
272(2)
Valkyrjur, skaldmeyjar and hjalmvitr
274(14)
Female warriors in reality
275(1)
The valkyrjur in context
276(4)
The names of the valkyrjur
280(4)
The valkyrjur in battle-kennings
284(4)
Supernatural agency in battle
288(4)
Beings of destruction
288(3)
Ooinn and the Wild Hunt
291(1)
The projection of destruction
292(2)
Battle magic
294(7)
Sorcery for warriors
294(3)
Sorcery for sorcerers
297(3)
Seior and battlefield resurrection
300(1)
Seior and the shifting of shape
301(2)
Berserkir and ulfheonar
303(10)
The battlefield of animals
306(5)
Ritual disguise and shamanic armies
311(2)
Ecstasy, psychic dislocation and the dynamics of mass violence
313(6)
Homeric lyssa and holy rage
315(2)
Predators and prey in the legitimate war
317(2)
Weaving war, grinding battle: Darraoarljoo and Grottasongr in context
319(5)
The `weapon dancers'
320(4)
7 The Viking way
324(6)
A reality in stories
326(2)
The invisible battlefield
327(1)
Material magic
328(1)
Viking women, Viking men
328(2)
8 Magic and mind
330(15)
Receptions and reactions
330(1)
Cracks in the ice of Norse `religion'
331(1)
Walking into the seior: contested interpretations of Viking-Age magic
332(8)
Questioning Norse `shamanism'
334(2)
Staffs and spinning
336(4)
Queering magic?
340(2)
The social world of war
342(1)
The Viking mind: a conclusion
343(2)
References 345(42)
Primary sources, including translations
345(5)
Pre-nineteenth-century sources for the early Sami and Siberian cultures
350(1)
Secondary works
351(35)
Sources in archive
386(1)
Index 387
by Neil Price